Taiwan is an island located on the eastern edge of the Asian continental shelf with complex geological and topographical characteristics. The rivers are short and swift and natural disasters such as typhoons, floods, and earthquakes are frequent occurrences. In essence, the ecosystem of Taiwan is both vulnerable and isolated. With its high population density and scarce land and natural resources, Taiwan underwent rapid development that has inflicted much damage on its natural environment. Eco-friendly buildings are essential to conserving the natural habitats of Taiwan’s diverse fauna and flora
Since the limited feasible land of an island country presents an innate limitation on its development, the most important issue for its sustainable development should be to make optimal use of the land resources it possesses. This is especially true in Taiwan’s case, as two thirds of its land area is mountainous and only one quarter is suitable for agricultural production, which further limits the supply of land that can be used for farming and socio-economic activities apart from forestry, water resources, and mining.
NCTU / UNICODE, a team from National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), is taking Solar Decathlon Europe as an opportunity to develop a prototype house for coexisting with nature by focusing on the green house technology that has been developed for cultivating orchids in Taiwan combined with the research institute here in NCTU. The university’s main campus is located at the center of the Hsinchu Science Park, Taiwan’s national research center. The area is referred to as the Silicon Valley of Asia. More than 400 technology companies have been established in the Science Park.